PDO :: query

PDO::query — Executes an SQL statement, returning a result set as a PDOStatement object

Description

public PDOStatement PDO::query ( string $statement )
public PDOStatement PDO::query ( string $statement , int $PDO::FETCH_COLUMN , int $colno )
public PDOStatement PDO::query ( string $statement , int $PDO::FETCH_CLASS , string $classname , array $ctorargs )
public PDOStatement PDO::query ( string $statement , int $PDO::FETCH_INTO , object $object )

PDO::query() executes an SQL statement in a single function call, returning the result set (if any) returned by the statement as a PDOStatement object.

For a query that you need to issue multiple times, you will realize better performance if you prepare a PDOStatement object using PDO::prepare() and issue the statement with multiple calls to PDOStatement::execute().

If you do not fetch all of the data in a result set before issuing your next call to PDO::query(), your call may fail. Call PDOStatement::closeCursor() to release the database resources associated with the PDOStatement object before issuing your next call to PDO::query().

Note:

If more than one argument is passed to this function, the remaining arguments will be treated as though you called PDOStatement::setFetchMode() on the resultant statement object.

Parameters

statement

The SQL statement to prepare and execute.

Data inside the query should be properly escaped.

 

Return Values

PDO::query() returns a PDOStatement object, or FALSE on failure.

Examples

Example #1 Demonstrate PDO::query

A nice feature of PDO::query() is that it enables you to iterate over the rowset returned by a successfully executed SELECT statement.

<?php
function getFruit($conn) {
$sql = 'SELECT name, color, calories FROM fruit ORDER BY name';
foreach ($conn->query($sql) as $row) {
print $row['name'] . "\t";
print $row['color'] . "\t";
print $row['calories'] . "\n";
}
}
?>

The above example will output:

apple   red     150
banana  yellow  250
kiwi    brown   75
lemon   yellow  25
orange  orange  300
pear    green   150
watermelon      pink    90

SEE Also:

PDO :: prepare

PDO :: lastinsertid

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